Characterizing Alzheimer’s Disease candidate genes and transcripts with targeted, long-read, single-molecule sequencing

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that is genetically complex. Although great progress has been made in identifying fully penetrant mutations in genes that cause early-onset AD, these still represent a very small percentage of AD cases. Large-scale, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified at least 20 additional genetic risk loci for the more common form: late-onset AD. However, the identified SNPs are typically not the actual risk variants, but are in linkage disequilibrium with the presumed causative variants [1]. To help identify causative genetic variants, we have combined highly accurate, long-read sequencing with hybrid-capture technology. In this collaborative webinar*, we present this method and show how combining IDT xGen® Lockdown® Probes with PacBio SMRT® Sequencing allows targeting and sequencing of candidate genes from genomic DNA and corresponding transcripts from cDNA. Using a panel of target capture probes for 35 AD candidate genes, we demonstrate the power of this approach by looking at data for two individuals with AD. Some additional benefits of this method include the ability to leverage long reads, phase heterozygous variants, and link corresponding transcript isoforms to their respective alleles. Reference: 1. Van Cauwenberghe C, Van Broeckhoven C, Sleegers K. (2016) The genetic landscape of Alzheimer disease: clinical implications and perspectives. Genet Med, 18(5):421–430. * This presentation represents a collaboration between Pacific Biosciences and Integrated DNA Technologies. The individual opinions expressed may not reflect shared opinions of Pacific Biosciences and Integrated DNA Technologies.